A VERY RARE & EXCELLENT/MUSEUM CONDITION NAPOLEONIC WAR PERIOD PATTERN 1778 BROWN BESS RAMPART/WALL GUN by “RICHARD WILSON”, Dtd. 1793/4: In overall excellent (Unissued?) original flintlock condition. Sighted and swamped, 54”, pin-fastened, .98 caliber, smoothbore, iron barrel with an “RW” maker’s mark, various Board of Ordnance and East India Co. proof and acceptance marks; and the top of the baluster-turned breech with a finely engraved “WILSON LONDON 1793/4” and with an ”EIC” (East India Company) marking, within a large balloon border. Robust, Regulation Pattern 1778, Brown Bess style, English walnut fullstock of massive proportion with a raised carved beavertail apron, around the barrel-tang and a raised “lobe”, at the ramrod entry-pipe of the forestock. In excellent condition with smooth wooden surfaces, 95% finish, sharp contours and fine carvings, around the lock & sideplate mortise: a clear St. John’s Heart with “EIC” Storekeeper’s mark, on the right side of the buttstock. Full brass hardware of Regulation Pattern 1778 Rampart Gun design (see DeWitt Bailey: “Pattern Dates for British Ordnance Small Arms 1718-1783”, pg. 30 & 55) with three (3) barrel-form ramrod pipes, a shield type wrist escutcheon and the trigger-guard with engraved raised finial with flame tip. The buttplate with a stepped tang the and flat “Shortland-type” sideplate with tail with matching thread-engraved borders and both of its large iron sidebolts. Complete with its original, heavy, iron swivel yolk with is retained by its original cross-bolt. Massive, Pattern 1777 flintlock mechanism with its original, large, flat double-throated hammer and its original rounded frizzen and its teardrop finial frizzen-spring. In excellent condition with choice steel surfaces, 90%+ polish and excellent mechanics with a strong mainspring. Clearly engraved with a large “WILSON” maker’s signature for William Wilson of London, UK who was a noted Gunsmith and Contractor to the Board of Ordnance and to the East India. (For more details, please see H. L. Blackmore’s: Gunmakers of London…”, pg. 204-205, 214 & 215). Also, marked with a bold Crown/1 acceptance-mark, adjacent to the powder pan. The tail of the lock sharply engraved with a 1793/4 Date and with an early East India Company marking of a Quartered Heart & St. John’s Cross with clear “EIC” East India Company markings. In overall excellent condition with sharp metal and wooden surfaces, nearly all of its finish and very clear markings. Excellent barrel with a pleasing and lightly toned, smooth, gunmetal-gray age-patina with clear markings, an excellent touch-hole and a matching bore with virtually no signs of use/wear. The lock, en suite with very clear markings, its original components and 95%+ of its original polish: excellent timing with a very strong mainspring. Excellent stock with 95%+ finish, sharp contours and only the lightest signs of handling. Choice Hardware with smooth brass surfaces, sharp engravings and a nicely toned age patina overall. Retains its original, heavy gauge, flared-tip, iron ramrod. An excellent example of a Very Rare and Large-Size Napoleanic War Period English Flintlock Naval Wall/Rampart-Gun, of the type which was used to defend the Ramparts of Ships and/or fixed Fortifications, on both Land or Sea. (Please see Gilkerson’s: “Boarders Away”, vol. 2, pg.) Complete & Original throughout and in Excellent Museum Condition. Overall length, 72 3/4”, weight approx. 35 lbs. ***For similar examples, please see Warren Moore’s: “Weapons of the American Revolution... And Accoutrements”, pg. 113 and DeWitt Bailey: “Pattern Dates for British Ordnance Small Arms 1718-1783”.